The Sun’s magnetic field is measured to be approximately 0.15 Tesla, much larger and more complex than Earth’s. This intensity combined with its enormous size, allows the sun’s magnetic influence to extend beyond the farthest planet in our solar system. But, how is this gigantic field generated?

The Sun is made up of plasma, a state of matter with such high temperatures that electrons become separated from their atoms, forming ionized gas. When these charged particles rapidly move around, they naturally create magnetic fields, which in turn affect how these particles move. …

An overview of the International Space Station

Apart from all the chaos that humanity has experienced, November 20, 2020, marked the anniversary of one of the biggest achievements in human history. There has been continuous human presence aboard the International Space Station for 2 whole decades!

The International space station (ISS) is the most complex structure ever built in space. It orbits nearly 400 Kilometers above the Earth, and circles around it once every 90 minutes, which is 16 times per day! The five international partners behind the ISS include the United States, Canada, Japan, Russia, and Europe. …

Interstellar Space Travel

On August 20th 1977, NASA launched humanity’s first interstellar space travel mission. Voyager 2 (yes you read that correctly, Voyager 2) escaped the heliosphere in November 2018. Shortly before, in August 2012, Voyager 1 escaped the heliosphere (a theoretical boundary where the Sun’s solar wind no longer has an influence; instead it is stopped by interstellar medium — galactic particles and so on). These two revolutionary missions lay the foundation of what we as a civilization strive for. Answering the golden question “are we the only intelligent life out there,” will help us understand the universe that…

Photo by The New York Public Library on Unsplash

Earth, the seemingly beautiful blue planet amidst the vast emptiness of space. Zoom in and we find out that it is filled with problems. Issues such as climate change, poverty, racism, gender inequality, and much, much more. The obvious question that comes to mind is that if we have all these devastating problems on Earth, why are we exploring space?

Space exploration doesn’t cost as much as you think

There is a common misconception that space exploration costs too much money. NASA’s 2019 budget was $19.9 Billion of the $4.45 Trillion national US budget. That is less than half a…

Ayush Shah

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